The 6 Scales of Training

When training a horse, preparation is everything. The groundwork and initial familiarisation are the foundations for progress and success in the riding horse.

The training scales are a systematic programme of schooling and development of the horse psychologically and gymnastically. By using the scales the horse is able to progress in his training with as few problems as possible, no matter what discipline the horse is intended for.
Although the scales are in a particular order for correct development, they are flexible to a certain degree. Each scale doesn’t have to be perfected, however, the horse must be confident and competent before introducing the next scale. If schooling starts going wrong, then going back a scale or two can not only identify where the problem stems from, but reasures the horse with a more familiar task, and regain confidence. Even the top horses revisit the lower scales as part of their schooling sessions!
The 6 phases (or scales) are sub divided into three overlapping phases of development. The first phases are grouped together in ‘Familiarisation – Preliminary Training’. This consists of RELAXATION, RHYTHM, and CONTACT. These three can then be broken down further to the understanding of Natural Balance, Confidence, Basic Understanding of the Aids, and the Basis of Communication.
The second phase – Development of the Pushing Power, has four sub phases, two of them overlapping from the first phase. These are RHYTHM, CONTACT, STRAIGHTNESS and IMPULSION. These are developed by the understanding of Forward Thrust, Strength / Elevation, Educated Gaits and Educated Lateral Balance.
The third phase – Development of Carrying Capacity, has the final three phases, again two of them overlapping from the second phase. These are STRAIGHTNESS, IMPULSION, and COLLECTION. The development of these is from the understanding of Spring, Suspension, Educated Longitudinal Balance and Self Carriage.
The overall achievement of the scales is ‘THROUGHNESS’. This basically means that the energy produced from the hindquarters is allowed to flow freely over the horses back and neck into a recieving hand (without being blocked by the horse or rider) and vice versa.
All horses can benefit from this training programme, even if they never reach the end of it. You will however have a horse that is well behaved through the creation of calmness and cooperation, and be a pleasure to ride. Also, the development of his physique in a correct way will help prolong his health and working life.
Click on the diagram below:

Training Scales

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